First, let’s discuss some basic Information about Broccoli
Q: Which season crop Broccoli is?
A: Broccoli is a Cool-Season crop that is grown in the Spring Season.
Q: Which nutrients does Broccoli has?
A: Broccoli has a rich amount of nutrients like Iron, Calcium, Vitamin A, Fiber, Potassium, Iron, and Folic Acid.
It has more Protein and Vitamin A than other crops like Cabbage and Cauliflower.
Q: What is the right way to eat Broccoli?
A: You can eat Broccoli as Salad and also by steaming it a bit as a Steamed Broccoli.
Q: Can Broccoli be produced throughout the year?
A: Yes, it can be produced throughout a whole year but for that, you have to produce it under The Greenhouse.
Now, Let’s jump into the Agriculture World of Broccoli.
Q: What type of Soil is required for Broccoli Farming?
A: To get the best results Well-drained, Moist soil with enough Compost is required.
The PH of soil should be between 5.0 to 6.5
Q: Which Season is the best to plant Broccoli?
A: To get the best results, Broccoli should be planted either in spring or mid-to-late Summer.
Q: Amount Of Seeds required for Broccoli Farming?
A: To sow in 1 Acre land 250-300 gm seeds are enough.
Q: What to do to protect seeds from Soil Borne Diseases?
A: Boil the seeds in hot water (58’C) for 30 minutes before sowing to protect them from Borne Diseases.
Q: What are the required Fertilizers for Broccoli Farming?
A: The quantity of Fertilizer for Broccoli depends on the quality of the soil.
In general, 170 kg of Potassium,150 kg of Nitrogen, 100 kg of Phosphorus is used.
If the bottom leaves of Broccoli show the yellow color and the same problem continues with the top of the plant then this means it is showing Nitrogen deficiency. In this case, the need of the plant is a High amount of Nitrogen but a low amount of Phosphorus. You can use Blood Meal too as the Blood Meal is a quick Nitrogen giver for Yellow leaves.
Q: How To Control Weeds?
A: Weeds are not a critical problem when Broccoli has grown enough. But Broccoli suffers frequently when it is in the initial stage of its development as Weeds are competitors of saplings when it comes to Nutrients, Sunlight, Space, and Water.
Everyone who is thinking to grow Broccoli or growing must have an approach to control Weeds and that approach may differ for different countries, way of production, and the industry at which you are targeting.
In some special cases, Manual Weed control can be necessary every week.
Q: What should be the Irrigation Process for Broccoli plants?
Insufficient amount of water and Excessive amount of water both are harmful to Broccoli plants.
The quality of the final Broccoli plant will be decreased under the insufficient amount of water. That’s why it is also important to irrigate broccoli plants frequently even in winters.
While if you irrigate Broccoli Plants with an Excessive amount of water then also it is harmful to them as they will fall to pieces in 2-3 days under watery conditions.
The two most important stages for Irrigation are:
The first stage is Until the Seeds sprout and the second stage is when the flowery head of Broccoli is started forming.
Most of the Producers of Broccoli irrigate Broccoli plants regularly and increases the small amount of water to a large amount gradually, during the evolution of plants.
While the irrigation process also depends on the soil, weather, and climate condition. But if we talk about a general process to irrigate broccoli plants then it should be at the interval of 7 to 8 days in Summers and 10 to 15 days in Winters.
Drip irrigation is the most frequently used method for Commercial Broccoli Farming.
Q: What’s the procedure to Harvest the Broccoli Plants?
Time to Harvest Broccoli is after 60-90 days after the transplantation.
While the time for the harvesting also depends on the type of Broccoli and also on the weather conditions.
When the head of the Broccoli has reached the suitable size of its type, heads have been thickened and form a uniform color then you can Harvest the broccoli.
First, harvest the main and central head of the Broccoli. The side heads of the Broccoli start getting matured after the harvesting of the main ones.
To grow the second head of the Broccoli after the harvesting of the first one, you can continue with the same irrigation and fertilization method. They get ready to harvest after 10-12 days of harvesting of the first ones.
Scissors and Knives are enough to harvest them. Harvesting should be done in the evening, otherwise, the foliage wilting be caused by the Sun in the day.
Harvesting on the time is very important as late harvesting can cause the yellow color in them or can lose their heads too.
After harvesting, place the Broccoli in a cool place to prevent its quality.
Q: What are some Pests related to Broccoli plants and how to protect Broccoli plants from them?
A: Imported cabbage worms, cabbage loopers, and cutworms can attack Broccoli. To control these pests, hand them off of plants or do the spray of Bacillus thuringiensis.
Small, soft-bodied, pear-shaped insects are called Alphids and they affect the production and quality of Broccoli plants by eating them. The simple solution to save Broccoli plants from Alphids is the Mustard crop as it acts as a trap crop for Aphids or sprays Neem oil.
Q: What are some Diseases related to Broccoli plants and how to protect Broccoli plants from those diseases?
A: Broccoli is more prone to have the diseases of the Cabbage family, like Clubroot and Downy Mildew. To save Broccoli plants from these diseases keep the garden free from debris and rotate the crops every year. Cut and destroy infected plants instantly.